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What Is Bodybuilding?

Bodybuilding is a discipline and an art that consists mainly of developing muscle mass (muscular hypertrophy) for aesthetic purposes.
The bodybuilder’s preparation consists mainly of strength training, rest, and strict control of the diet (usually high in calories and protein but which evolve accorded to the athlete is in a cycle of mass gaining or dry).
Professional bodybuilders expose the fruit of their work during competitions during which they must parade before a jury that assesses their muscle development and awards their points. Originally a male-only sport, women began to compete in separate competitions in 1980.

TRUE bodybuilding is a sport apart. Practitioners are quite a few because this sport is demanding, both in the gym and in life. When we think of bodybuilding, the first picture that comes to mind is that of the great champions, these men very dry, venous, and with a huge muscle mass that paraded on stage. Yet, bodybuilding is not theirs, everyone can be a bodybuilder.

Because, in fact, as soon as you try to develop your body, to modify it, you do bodybuilding. Bodybuilding is not defined by going on stage, or by having to have 50 cm arms … There are actually many more bodybuilders than we think.

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Whether we seek to compete, or simply improve our physique, in both cases we are bodybuilders, only the level changes.

The sport of bodybuilding focuses, as a sport, on athletes who offer their physical work to the paneling of judges who assign points based on their appearance. However, bodybuilding existed even before its official classification as a sport and therefore we need to start from the first historical cases.

Amateur Bodybuilding vs Professional Bodybuilding

Attention, it is not enough to push bars, but as soon as you enter a room, you train properly and pay attention to your diet, you are a bodybuilder. Depending on your level and your involvement, your training will be more or less precise, supplementation and nutrition too.

On the other hand, for the professionals, everything must be precise, precise, timed. Training will follow specific cycles, just like supplementation. It takes an implication of every moment, eating bodybuilding thinking body and sleeping body. Your whole life must be turned towards your goal.

Professional Bodybuilders

Most professionals are “helped” as they say … That is to say, they use chemical aids (doping products), which improve their strength, recovery, muscle gain, loss of fat, …

All the parameters must of course also is particularly precise (training, nutrition, rest, …), the training is excessively intensive, but with these doping products, everything is faster. They can train twice a day, or vary their weight from 20 to 30 kg in the year, between the period of weight gain and dry.

How to make your body better?

If you’re asking 20 different people, you’ll get twenty different answers. And as long as they are really matched by their answers, they are right. What makes the body better is determined by the absolute appreciation of its owner.
For the physical competitors who show up and turn under these bright lights, the better body means a body similar to the anatomy card as large, symmetrical, and knowledgeable as possible. This perception of a better body is very different from a tennis player, who is probably the best body is lean, fast, and light.
A body helps him win, after being caught. It’s more obvious than a retired university professor who has an idea of ​​a better body that can only look like the one he had 10 or 20 years ago.

Weight gaining in resistance

Lifting weights causes fine ruptures of the muscles that are used to cause pain after exercise. Muscle growth results in the repair of these lesions. In general, the pain that occurs because of training is usually one or two days after the session.

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However, repair and growth can not occur without a high-quality diet. Bodybuilders, therefore, need a highly specialized diet. In fact, these athletes need an extra calorie of between 500 and 1,000 calories above maintenance to ensure their muscles grow. This overeating is combined with heart and respiratory exercises to eliminate body fat for competition (“drying period”). The proportion of calories from carbohydrates, fats, and proteins varies according to the goals of bodybuilding.
Dietary intake of bodybuilding by 5-7 meals a day is provided the same nutritional values, at regular intervals, usually between 2 and 3 hours. This allows for better absorption of nutrients and increases the basic metabolic rate.


A large proportion of calories from carbohydrates are needed to allow the body to receive enough energy to endure the rigors of training and enhance comfort. Bodybuilding seeks to absorb mostly complex sugars, diuretics (sucrose, lactose, maltose), and sugars (starches), which slowly dissipate more than simple sugars, or monosaccharides (glucose and lactose). This is important because simple sugars produce excess energy, leading to an increase in fat mass in the body. In addition, excessive consumption of simple sugars associated with génétique4 preparations can promote type 2 diabetes. However, builders consume simple sugars right after training to replenish glycogen in muscle stores.


It is recommended that bodybuilders receive 2-3 grams of protein per kilogram of body weight to help the body recovers and rebuild (compared to about 0.8 grams per kilogram for a man in sports activities modérée5). These proteins come from sources such as beef, chicken, fish, soy, milk, whey, and egg whites. Chicken, serum, and egg whites are prevalent because they contain little fat. Some bodybuilders prefer that their daily intake comes mainly from food, rather than protein supplements.

Vitamins and minerals.

An adequate amount of vitamins and minerals are required: many bodybuilders take multivitamins daily. It also consumes essential fatty acids (including omega-3), which are not manufactured in the body. However, it is best to extract basic minerals and vitamins from whole foods, rather than taking supplements, but this is not always the optimal way.

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