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History Of Bodybuilding.



Heracles, the greatest hero of Greek mythology and a symbol of masculinity, can be considered the ancestor of modern bodybuilding.

Bodybuilding appeared as such at the end of the nineteenth century in Europe. One of his main pioneers was the German athlete Eugene Sand ow, born in 1867. He made himself famous by demonstrations in many exhibitions or shows where he performed in France, Great Britain, and the United States. He was one of the first to look for a muscular aesthetic rather than a show of brute force.

Integrating the teachings of Georges Hebert, father of physical culture in France, other athletes such as George Hackenschmidt, Edmond Bonnet, or Earle Lieberman, authors of a bodybuilding treatise circa 1920, marked the beginnings of this sport. Another key figure in the history of bodybuilding, Joe Weider invented many useful intensification techniques such as the principle of continuous tension. He was one of Arnold Schwarzenegger’s mentors. The latter and others like Larry Scott marked a new era, that of modern bodybuilding manifesting itself in gyms or dedicated places like Muscling Beach, at the level of contests. A true phenomenon in every respect, Arnold Schwarzenegger has distinguished himself as the best athlete for many years and continues to be a source of inspiration today.


Premisses: Greece, Egypt, India

The first muscular physics date from the time of Antiquity. The Greeks practiced a form of physical culture to improve their strength and the many heroes of mythology were represented with a developed musculature and a Herculean strength, like the famous Hercules.
One of the most famous wrestling athletes, Melon DE Crotone was famous for carrying a calf on his back and subsequently a bull as his strength grew. He has won several Olympic titles and was known for his extraordinary strength. These athletes were training in an open-air gymnasium with heavy materials such as slabs of marble, to improve their strength to perform better in the sport they exercised as an art.
Hercules is the most famous Greek hero, who represents strength, known for the course for his twelve works, but unlike the athletes, the gods seem to have a natural musculature and do not need to train. The athletic body of Greek statues remains today a model of aesthetic standard for modern bodybuilding.

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Egyptians are also famous for their phenomenal works, but they were often made by slaves. On the other hand, there are many examples of sports practices that could be the source of today’s sports such as wrestling, boxing, acrobatic gymnastics, or even stick fencing or something similar to hockey. Grass. The pharaohs as warlords also had to be trained and physical culture was part of their education.
Another continent sees the birth of the beginnings of bodybuilding: India because it is proved that from the 11th century the Indians used weight sculpted in stone, to become bigger and stronger. They were essentially highly trained wrestlers and warriors seek to increase their strength, stamina, and flexibility, in tandem with ancestral yoga practices. It was the arrival of British settlers that put an end to this way of life based on health and physical culture, these imposing their sports-focused more on the address than on the strength, like cricket.

From 1820 To 1929, Strong Men

Flat calmed between antiquity and the 1800s until the arrival of Eugene Sand ow, a strong man, inventor of the Sand ow method, and the first aesthetic contest.
Before him, there were certainly fair phenomena, men demonstrate strength, but there was no intention to improve the aesthetics of his physique, no concern for harmony, only the desire to be strong and give performances that delighted the crowds: pulling carts, lifting animals … We were not looking at the prominent bellies, nor the fat level, closer on this point of weightlifting, than bodybuilding aesthetic aim.
Sand ow was the first to develop shows that combined strength and symmetry, which is why he is considered the pioneer of modern bodybuilding, seeking the physical perfection of the Greek ideal, with a dense and symmetrical physique, although having also begun with demonstrations of strength, in the form of hand-to-hand combat.
He made bodybuilding popular and probably favored the arrival of the first competitions; first the World Championship in 1891 in England and two weightlifting events at the first modern Olympic Game in 1896 in Athens, Greece.
In 1901, the first “The Great Show” bodybuilding competition was held at the Royal Albert Hall in London, which was a huge success, and Mr. Sand ow was a judge. The trophy given to the winner William L. Murray was also the famous statuette with the effigy of Eugene Sand ow which is now the emblem of Mr. Olympia.
He also produced the first magazine in history dedicated to the sport and developed and sold the first equipment to develop muscle mass: tension bands, spring pulleys, and dumbbells.
In France, too, it moves on the side of Impolite Treat, inventor of pulley machines with automatic loads, and long bars with dumbbells. Precursor, created a gymnasium in Paris in 1849, well before the democratization of the rooms and magazines. This comes later with Edmond Desbonnet who developed training methods targeting localized muscles and opens a school of physical culture first in Lille, then in Paris where it is a success in 1899. He trains teachers and a teacher. The network of theaters grows with his journal called “Physical Culture.”
The first bodybuilding contest in America was held on January 16, 1904, at Madison Square Garden in New York, won by Al Trevor.
Bernarr Macfadden, taking advantage of this new wave, promoted physically cultured by marketing a stent that became popular in a bodybuilding magazine starring Charles Atlas who lent his image to the mail-order dynamic tension method developed by Macfadden… This advertisement showing The young thug taking his revenge on a stronger than him, after having followed the method certainly convinced a whole generation to no longer is intimidated and to get into physical culture and widely popularize bodybuilding.


The Golden Age Of Bodybuilding 1930-1970

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After an intermediate period in the 1930s, when physics competitions gather all kinds of athletes (weightlifters, gymnasts, swimmers …), it becomes obvious that trains with loads often give them the advantage.
After the war, young men see themselves as heroes and want to be stronger and more imposing. This is made possible by new methods of training and nutrition that are developing and the birth of the most famous magazines of bodybuilding that popularized this sport. In addition, the Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) established a bodybuilding competition in 1939 in addition to his weightlifting competitions, which took the name of Mr. America, won by John Grimed, then by Clancy Ross in 1945. Training more to sculpt his perfectly proportioning body than to develop his strength, he is the cover of many magazines Your Physics, Iron Man, Muscle Power, and Health and Strength. By the 1940s, however, there was a clear break between weightlifting and bodybuilding and this encouraged the Weider brothers to create the International Federation of Bodybuilders (I FBB) to host the first I FBB Mr. America competition, bringing athletes together. Professionals. In 1950 another federation, NAB BA was born and organized the contest Mr. Universe in the United Kingdom. The first Mr. Olympia, currently the most prestigious bodybuilding, took place in 1965.
On the California coast, weightlifting on the beach has become popular among amateur and professional bodybuilders. The most famous of this meeting place was located in Santa Monica and was called Muscle Beach. This is the Muscle Beach period, Venice, California, the cradle of bodybuilding where the greatest has trained: Steve Reeves, Reg Park, Larry Scott … Gymnasiums and bodybuilding are becoming prevalent.
In the 50s, Steve Reeves to after winning Mr. America in 1947, Mr. MOND in 1948, and Mr. Universe in 1950 embodied Hercules in the cinema and putting bodybuilding on the front of the stage. In addition to being a handsome man, he has mass and ideal proportions, which makes him a model for the youth, in need of heroes. (He himself would have inspired Arnold Schwarzenegger!).
The next is Reg Park, who won the Mr. Universe title in 1951, Mr. Universe pro in 1958 and 1965, and is also a star of action films, reinforcing bodybuilding in the cinema.
In the 60s, we see appear more and more bodybuilders, because in the US we are beginning to master better and better training methods and nutrition.

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